The long and interesting history of plastic surgery can be traced back to the ancient times. Doctors or medical practitioners in old India started using skin grafts to reconstruct human skin spots in the 8th century BC.Have a look at Jim Brantner Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery for more info on this.
An ancient Indian surgeon named Susrutha made the first recorded nose construction. He used a part or some skin from a forehead. At that time, nose amputations were punishable by old Indian laws.
A centuries later, the Romans practiced basic procedures including restoring damaged hands. In Europe, Dr Heinrich von Pfolspeundt performed a simple plastic surgery by extracting skin coming from the arm’s back and sutured it in place.
However, the art and science of plastic surgey developed and became popular only in the 19th and 20th centuries. This was because in the old days, so much risk was linked to plastic surgery.
In the United States, Dr John Peter Mettauer was the first American plastic surgeon. The first plastic surgery operation he performed was a cleft palate operation in which dates back to 1827. He designed his own instruments and operation materials.
The father of modern plastic surgery is Sir Harold Gillies. He was able to develop a number of techniques for modern plastic surgery. Sir Gillies focused on patients who suffered facial injuries during World War I.
Defining plastic surgery The term plastic surgery refers to manual or instrumental procedure or operation for esthetic or practical purposes.
The word ‘plastic’ derived from plastic surgeon comes from an ancient Greek word ‘plastikos’ which means shaping or molding.
To date, there are two primary or main zones, or plastic surgery sectors. These include: o Plastic Reconstruction Surgery. This branch of plastic surgery focuses on masking or undoing destructions of the body’s face or other external parts. This plastic surgeon method involves the closing of defects bu grafting skin with central, local or remote flaps. Tissues from other parts of the body are moved to another section through the process.
The most common form of plastic surgery today is esthetic or cosmetic surgery. Most of the time, this type of plastic surgery is performed to alter or enhance features in the face or body which the patient finds ugly or unflattering. Definitions of such plastic surgery include breast reduction or breast implantation.
Linked fields of plastic surgery It may still be more subdivided from the past and the two broad areas of plastic surgery. The American Board of Plastic Surgery also requires the research or further advancement in the following specific fields related to: o Craniofacial Surgery. This type of plastic surgery includes treatment or surgery to correct or modify congenital or in-born physical defects, including cleft lip palate, craniosynostosis, and other facial defects due to causes of birth and physical development.
Hand Chirurgy is another discipline that trains plastic surgeons. They receive full compliance instruction.
Maxillofacial surgery is one form of plastic surgery that involves maxilla or jaw and face. The field grew or sprang from the contributions and advancements in both oral surgeries and plastic surgeries. Examples of operations in this discipline are fractures in the jaw as well as in the face that may have arisen from accidents or brawls.